Anti-inflammatory medications, include steroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and are commonly used to reduce inflammation, swelling, and pain. They are available over the counter or by prescription and are often used to treat various conditions, including arthritis, tendinitis, and bursitis.
How do Anti-inflammatory Medications Work?
Anti-inflammatory medications block the production of prostaglandins, chemicals produced by the body that promote inflammation, pain, and fever. By reducing the production of prostaglandins, these medications can help reduce pain and inflammation.
Commonly Used Anti-inflammatory Medications
Many different types of anti-inflammatory medications are available. Some of the most commonly used anti-inflammatory medications include:
- Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
- Naproxen (Aleve)
- Celecoxib (Celebrex)
- Steroids such as Methylprednisolone, Prednisone
Ibuprofen and naproxen are available over the counter or by prescription. Celecoxib and steroids are available by prescription only. Steroids may be given in form of oral treatment or injection. While anti-inflammatory medications are generally safe and effective when used as directed, they can cause side effects and have potential risks associated with long-term use. Pregnant women should talk to their physician prior to taking anti-inflammatory medications.
As with any medication, it is important to follow the recommended dosage and not to take more than directed. Talk to Dr. Vossoughi if you have any questions or concerns about anti-inflammatory medicines. Dr. Vossoughi will give you advice about the best anti-inflammatory treatment suited for your specific problem.